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Bone Loss on Steroids – It Must Be Stopped!

Bone Loss on Steroids – It Must Be Stopped!

  • 7/24/2013 9:16:00 AM
  • View Count 3138
Ramon Boudreaux, M.S.A common misconception is that the skeleton is a relatively fixed structure that undergoes few changes during adulthood. In actuality, bones are an extremely active tissue that continuously rebuild themselves throughout an individual’s lifetime (referred to as turnover). Bone cells are in constant communication with each other to remove areas of damaged bone (resorption) and replace them with newer, healthier bone (formation). In fact, the entire skeleton is completely...
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Magnesium & Exercise-- Much Ado or Much Needed?

Magnesium & Exercise-- Much Ado or Much Needed?

  • 7/24/2013 8:45:00 AM
  • View Count 4224
Sarah Renaghan, M.S. Magnesium – what does it do for – or to – us? As an essential trace element, it is vital to the human body. Magnesium facilitates over 300 enzymatic reactions in the human body in the areas of energy metabolism, electrolyte and ion balance, cell signaling, and protein synthesis, all of which relate to physical activity and fitness.  Magnesium plays both a direct and indirect role in the body’s physiological response to exercise conditions. E...
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Quidditch: Simultaneously Pursuing Snitches and Gender Equality in Sport

Quidditch: Simultaneously Pursuing Snitches and Gender Equality in Sport

  • 7/24/2013 7:49:00 AM
  • View Count 3278
Adam Cohen, Ph.D“When we headed to Middlebury for their 3rd World Cup, I was in awe. The people from other teams were so varied. Our own team had our varsity baseball team's pitcher, the president of the anime club, the lacrosse captain, a photography student, and a few other randoms. It‘s the only sport where jocks and dorks can coexist. It really is like no other sport on earth.”                &nb...
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I <3 Your Sugar Sweet Game! -- Exercise and Diabetes

I <3 Your Sugar Sweet Game! -- Exercise and Diabetes

  • 7/23/2013 8:09:00 AM
  • View Count 2809
John Seawright, B.S.The national anthem has been sung, home plate has been cleaned, and the starting lineup announced. The athletes go through the final mental checklist before taking the field. Hat? Check. Glove? Check. Cup? Check. Insulin? Diabetes is a condition that affects close to 26 million Americans. A diabetic lacks the capability to adequately regulate glucose (sugar) in the blood. Normally, the body relies heavily on the hormone insulin to promote the uptake of glucose from the b...
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Chocolate's Not So Dark Secret

Chocolate's Not So Dark Secret

  • 7/23/2013 6:24:00 AM
  • View Count 2710
Benjamin A. Tipton, M.S., SCCCCocoa and its derivative chocolate have been used for thousands of years by the cultures of Central America. Cocoa was such a fixture in the Aztec society that they used the beans as currency. Primarily, cocoa was brewed into a bitter drink until the beans were exported to Europe by the Spaniards. Europeans sweetened chocolate and later made it into bars during the industrial revolution. Today, dark chocolate, defined as having 60% cocoa content or greater, has rece...
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Should Selenium Be Sold?

  • 7/23/2013 6:02:00 AM
  • View Count 6573
Sheril Marek, M.S.Selenium is a trace element that is nutritionally essential for humans. Essential nutrients are required for normal body functioning that cannot be synthesized by the body. This shows the importance of consuming adequate selenium in one’s diet and supplements for enhanced exercise performance and decreased health risks. Selenium is a component of many selenoproteins that play a critical role in reproduction, thyroid hormone metabolism, DNA synthesis, and protection from o...
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D is for Deficiency- An Overview of Vitamin D Deficiency and Athletes

D is for Deficiency- An Overview of Vitamin D Deficiency and Athletes

  • 7/23/2013 5:16:00 AM
  • View Count 4072
Caitlin Hendler, M.S.Most commonly known as the “Sunshine Vitamin,” the main source of this fat-soluble vitamin is exposure to sunlight because of few food sources. The benefits of vitamin D go much further than merely a bronze tan – studies show that it assists in growth, remodeling, regulation of calcium and phosphate concentrations for ideal bone health and physical performance. Vitamin D is a vital nutrient for optimal health in the general population but even more signific...
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Should Women Do Resistance Exercise?

  • 7/18/2013 7:27:00 AM
  • View Count 11953
Vincent Chen, B.S When talking about resistance exercise, some people believe that women respond less than men in terms of muscle mass and strength gain, while others think that it may make women look bulky. Many women therefore tend to avoid doing resistance exercise. However, the benefits outweigh the possible drawback of bulkier appearance. Physical inactivity-induced muscle loss may reduce an individual's ability to resist impact and lower the basal metabolic rate (BMR) to an unheal...
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Effects of a Combination Treatment of Fish Oil and Curcumin

Effects of a Combination Treatment of Fish Oil and Curcumin

  • 7/18/2013 7:09:00 AM
  • View Count 12118
Rachel Botchlett, M.S.Skeletal muscle is a highly specialized tissue that is responsible for voluntary motion and plays a significant role in glucose metabolism and maintaining postural support. The loss of skeletal muscle, defined as atrophy, is characterized by a marked reduction in muscle protein synthesis coupled with an increase in protein degradation and can lead to a loss of contractile force. Muscular atrophy can be caused by several health issues, including starvation, aging, and muscul...
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Iron Bars and You

Iron Bars and You

  • 7/18/2013 6:51:00 AM
  • View Count 5674
Nina Laidlaw Rumler, B.A.Do you know what sport uses weights and is governed by rules published in 17 different languages with participants in 100 different countries, competes males and females of all ages and sizes against others in their divisions – and is not in the Olympics? Here’s a hint – it’s not bodybuilding although it maximizes muscle development; in fact, it developed in competition with bodybuilding. Although it uses weights, it isn’t Olympic weigh...
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