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Could Watermelon Extract Provide that Extra “Juice” for the End of the Race?

Could Watermelon Extract Provide that Extra “Juice” for the End of the Race?

  • 9/19/2016 4:55:00 AM
  • View Count 5322
Kelsey McLaughlin, M.S.L-citrulline (CIT), a nonessential amino acid that can be found in abundance in watermelon and watermelon rind, has garnered an increasing amount of attention among sport nutrition researchers for its potential benefit to sport performance, particularly in endurance events. The effects of CIT on an exercising individual are thought to be two-fold, both increasing blood flow to working muscle through the enhancement of nitric oxide (NO) production and enhancing clearance of...
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Iron Helps Us Play

Iron Helps Us Play

  • 9/12/2013 5:00:00 AM
  • View Count 4338
Steve Bui, M.S.Iron is one of the most essential minerals to health; unfortunately, sometimes we neglect its importance. What makes iron so important? As a major component of red blood cells, it aids in transporting oxygen throughout the body. It can also play minor roles in liver function, prevention of bacterial infections, and cell growth. Iron deficiency can occur with heavy loss of blood, lack of dietary intake, and the inability to absorb iron metabolically. Iron deficiencies appear most o...
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Can HMB Build Elite Athletes?

Can HMB Build Elite Athletes?

  • 7/25/2013 7:11:00 AM
  • View Count 8790
David Castille, M.S., CSCSWhen it comes to competitive athletics, or just reaching goals in the gym, people are always looking for some form of aid or advantage. Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (the only form of HMB), or HMB, may prove to be a potent ergogenic aid for many different kinds of athletes.  HMB, discovered by Dr. Steven Nissen, has been around since the early- to mid-90s where it has been used primarily by athletes and bodybuilders. During the past two decades, research has bee...
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Magnesium & Exercise-- Much Ado or Much Needed?

Magnesium & Exercise-- Much Ado or Much Needed?

  • 7/24/2013 8:45:00 AM
  • View Count 4709
Sarah Renaghan, M.S. Magnesium – what does it do for – or to – us? As an essential trace element, it is vital to the human body. Magnesium facilitates over 300 enzymatic reactions in the human body in the areas of energy metabolism, electrolyte and ion balance, cell signaling, and protein synthesis, all of which relate to physical activity and fitness.  Magnesium plays both a direct and indirect role in the body’s physiological response to exercise conditions. E...
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Should Selenium Be Sold?

  • 7/23/2013 6:02:00 AM
  • View Count 7487
Sheril Marek, M.S.Selenium is a trace element that is nutritionally essential for humans. Essential nutrients are required for normal body functioning that cannot be synthesized by the body. This shows the importance of consuming adequate selenium in one’s diet and supplements for enhanced exercise performance and decreased health risks. Selenium is a component of many selenoproteins that play a critical role in reproduction, thyroid hormone metabolism, DNA synthesis, and protection from o...
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D is for Deficiency- An Overview of Vitamin D Deficiency and Athletes

D is for Deficiency- An Overview of Vitamin D Deficiency and Athletes

  • 7/23/2013 5:16:00 AM
  • View Count 4514
Caitlin Hendler, M.S.Most commonly known as the “Sunshine Vitamin,” the main source of this fat-soluble vitamin is exposure to sunlight because of few food sources. The benefits of vitamin D go much further than merely a bronze tan – studies show that it assists in growth, remodeling, regulation of calcium and phosphate concentrations for ideal bone health and physical performance. Vitamin D is a vital nutrient for optimal health in the general population but even more signific...
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The $2 Performance-Enhancing Supplement

The $2 Performance-Enhancing Supplement

  • 5/21/2013 9:10:00 AM
  • View Count 2848
Steve Bui, M.S.If you look at any advertising in the media, you will notice constant bombardment by ads for performance enhancing supplements. The supplement industry is one of the most lucrative marketing fields. The promise of being able to perform bigger, faster, and stronger by drinking some special water, swallowing a small pill, or anything in between just sounds so appealing. Unfortunately, unbeknownst to the majority of consumers, most supplements do not work at all. Supplements are desi...
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Vitamin C Supplement: To Take Or Not To Take?

Vitamin C Supplement: To Take Or Not To Take?

  • 7/30/2012 4:59:00 AM
  • View Count 4100
Majid Koozehchian, M.S.Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin, and thus our body does not retain it in large amounts. It is a strong antioxidant that has a key role in protecting against oxidative damage and tissue trauma. Vitamin C can neutralize potentially harmful reactions in the watery parts of our body, such as blood and the fluid inside and surrounding cells. It is one of the vitamins that many athletes consume in rather substantial amounts; therefore they are more familiar with i...
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Fuel For The Race

Fuel For The Race

  • 7/30/2012 4:53:00 AM
  • View Count 3853
Andrew Jagim Ph.D, CSCSRunners, cyclists, and other endurance athletes are constantly looking for ways to improve their performance.  A commonly used strategy is the use of nutritional supplements to “boost” energy and enable them to perform longer and or harder before fatigue sets in.  The majority of energy used during endurance events is derived from carbohydrates.  Carbohydrates can be stored in the liver and skeletal muscle as glycogen.  When exercise lasts l...
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Homocysteine, a Quiet Killer!

Homocysteine, a Quiet Killer!

  • 3/6/2012 7:28:00 AM
  • View Count 6797
Majid Koozehchian, M.S.Homocysteine (Hcy) is a non-proteinogenic amino acid (i.e., an amino acid not used in proteins) normally present in the blood. Hcy is a by-product of normal diet but high levels in the blood can endanger cardiovascular health. It is formed from methionine, a proteinogenic amino acid, and can biosynthesize back to methionine or into cysteine, another proteinogenic amino acid, as well as several other substances. Benefits of Hcy are unknown; however, its harmful effects...
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